Updated Apr 6, Call Option vs. Forward Contract: An Overview Forward contracts and call options are different financial instruments that allow two parties to purchase or sell assets at specified prices on future dates. Forward contracts and call options can be used to hedge assets or speculate on the future prices of assets. A call option gives the buyer the right not the obligation to buy an asset at a set price on or before a set date.
Both parties could enter into a forward contract with each other. Andy and Forward option transactions have entered into a forward contract.
Types of Derivatives - Forwards, Futures, Options \u0026 Swaps
Bob, because he is buying the underlying, is said to have entered a long forward contract. Conversely, Andy will have the short forward contract.
Bob has made the difference in profit. The similar situation works among currency forwards, in which one party opens a forward contract to buy or sell a currency e.
As the exchange rate between U. Sometimes, the buy forward is opened because the investor will actually need Canadian dollars at a future date such as to pay a debt owed that is denominated in Canadian dollars. Other times, the party opening a forward does so, not because they need Canadian dollars nor because they are hedging currency risk, but because they are speculating on the currency, expecting the exchange rate to move favorably to generate a gain on closing the contract.
While the notional amount or reference amount may be a large number, the cost or margin requirement to command or open such a contract is considerably less than that amount, which refers to the leverage created, which is typical in derivative contracts.