Paul S. A quantity of coins issued at one time, or a series of coins issued under one authority, is called a coinage. Tokens are issued as a substitute for coinage, usually by private individuals or organizations such as merchants and banks.
Previous Next First Coins in Canada The earliest coins in use in what is now Canada were those carried by the first colonists and visitors to our shores. French coins predominated along the St.
Charlton Canadian Colonial Tokens 10th
Few specimens have been found in Canada; the piece of 15 sols is especially rare. Inthe value of these coins was raised by one-third in a vain attempt to keep them in local circulation. None was in use after In andan issue of copper coins of 9 deniers was struck for all French colonies and a large shipment was sent to Canada.
Permission was granted, but only on the condition that the other major commercial banks of Montreal also participated. He was the leader of the reformist Patriote movement before the Lower Canada Rebellion of — and was well-known for wearing habitant clothing almost as uniform. That it is essentially necessary to establish a uniform Copper Currency, and after much consideration he is of opinion that if the Government would instruct its Departments to receive the Bank tokens at one and two Cents respectively, the public would do so likewise, and by this means a great deal of the inconvenience would be removed. Taylor purchased a number of coining tools and dies canadian tokens the Soho Mintwhere the original Habitant tokens along with many subsequent Lower Canadian issues had been created. He started to create a number of restrikes of coins using the original dies.
There was considerable resistance to their circulation and, inmost of the coins, which had lain unissued in the treasury at Quebec Citywere returned to France. The French ship Le Chameau carried treasure intended to supply the colonial canadian tokens in Quebec and Louisbourgbut it was lost in a hurricane off Cape Breton Island in American silver appeared after Copper coins consisted of an insufficient and dwindling supply of battered, worn-out English and Irish halfpennies dating from the reign of George III, supplemented by locally issued and imported tokens and by small numbers of American cents and various foreign coins.
Anything the size of a halfpenny would pass for one in Montreal between and Large numbers of canadian tokens halfpenny tokens circulated from about till well after Following several attempts by canadian tokens local government to ban the importation of tokens in the s, additional local issues were circulated. The lowest denominations were issued variously between and The cent pieces were issued from to Inand again ina cent piece was issued.
The 50 cent canadian tokens were issued variously between and Nova Scotia Incertain Halifax businessmen began importing halfpennies into Nova Scotia and, bya great variety was in circulation.
The government ordered their withdrawal in Beginning inand again in, andthe government issued a copper coinage, without authority from England.
New Brunswick An anonymous halfpenny appeared in Saint John about Inthe government issued copper pennies and halfpennies without authority from England. These were followed in with another issue, this time with the permission of the British authorities.
Lower Canada Lower Canada what is now Quebec had the greatest number and variety of tokens in circulation.
The Wellington tokens, a series of halfpenny and penny tokens with a bust of the duke of Wellington, appeared in about They were popular, and many varieties canadian tokens issued locally after Ina halfpenny of Irish design was imported; its popularity resulted in its being imitated in brass, copies of which are very plentiful. Inan anonymous halfpenny of English design appeared and was extensively imitated in brass. This period ended inwhen the banks refused to accept such nondescript copper, except by weight.
These sous were immediately popular, and the government allowed the bank to supply Lower Canada with copper; however, the sous were very soon imitated anonymously.
Colonial and pre-confederation tokens - Coins and Canada
The imitations were simple earnings because there was a dearth of small change with which to conduct business; but they became too numerous and, once again, the banks had to refuse them, except by weight.
To replace them, the government authorized four banks — the Bank of Montreal, the Quebec Bank, the City Bank and La Banque du Peuple — to issue copper pennies and halfpennies with the arms of Montreal on one side and a standing habitant on the other. These were superseded after by a series of tokens with a sloop on one side and various designs e. The firm also issued halfpennies from to There were no government issues in Upper Canada.
Halfpennies were issued again in Canadian tokens Quebec Canadian tokens was allowed to issue pennies and halfpennies in In colonial British Columbiavery few coins were in circulation. Small shipments of English silver and gold were sent to BC in and these coins, with American coins, were used until after Confederation.
American silver had become very plentiful and trade with the US made it necessary to adopt a decimal system. The coinage of the Province of Canada consisted of silver 5- and cent pieces dated and bronze cents dated or Nova Scotia issued bronze cents and half cents in andcents alone in ; New Brunswick, cents in andand silver coins like the Canadian ones in and ; PEI issued a cent in Bronze cents were added in All coins bore on the obverse the head of Queen Victoria. Silver coins bore the value and date in a crowned maple wreath on the reverse; the cent bore canadian tokens value and date in a circle enclosed by a continuous maple vine.
These coins were variously issued until Ina completely new canadian tokens was introduced after George VI ascended the throne. For the first time, each denomination had its own canadian tokens reverse design. All denominations bore a splendid bare head of George VI. This was the first of four portraits of the Queen to be used to where can i make money i am 18. Inthe Royal Canadian Mint introduced a fourth effigy, by artist Susanna Blunt, depicting the Queen with a bare head.
In the summer ofthe silver content of the dime and quarter were reduced from 80 per cent to 50 per cent and production of cent pieces and dollars for general circulation was stopped.
Inthe regular designs were resumed, the dime and quarter being in 50 per cent silver. In Augustnickel replaced silver entirely for general circulation and a reduced cent piece and dollar were coined in nickel.
Ina dollar coin was introduced to replace the dollar bill, which was discontinued in The new coin was sided and struck in aureate bronze-plated nickel. From about to the period between the First and Second World Wars, local merchants across Canada issued large quantities of variously shaped trade tokens that were exchangeable for a variety of goods and services, such as a loaf of bread, a pint of milk, a shave or a ride on the electric railway.
Canada Notes, Coins, Tokens, etc...
Their use declined with postwar improvements in transportation and technology. Commemorative Coins Inthe silver dollar was first coined to commemorate the silver jubilee of the reign of George V. This dollar inaugurated canadian tokens very popular series of Canadian coins. Except for the war years tosilver dollars were coined every year until Ina special coinage, commemorating the centenary of Confederation, was issued.
Each coin bore the bust of the Queen on the obverse. The cent featured a dove in flight; the 5-cent piece, a hare ; the cent piece, a mackerel ; the cent piece, a bobcat ; the cent piece, a howling wolf ; and the dollar, a Canada goose in flight. Incommemorative dollars were struck in 50 per cent silver and sold in individual cases. Issued each year since, they commemorate special events.
Coins and Tokens
Through the s and into the 21st century, the Mint has continued to strike a variety of non-circulating commemorative coins. Many of these coins have served as proving grounds for innovations in minting technology. New features on coins have included gold cameos, colourized parts of the design and holograms.
Canadian Rarities The rarest Canadian decimal coins are the cent piece ofthe 5-cent piece ofthe dotted cent and cent pieces, the cent piece canadian tokensthe cent piece of and the cent piece ofwith a round-topped numeral 3.
Most of the strikings of were never issued. After remaining in the vaults of the Mint for some time, they were melted down. A hole punched into the bottom of the reverse dies produced the dot.
Very few specimens are known. The other coins mentioned are rare because the coinages of those years were very small.